|Southampton in the 20th. Century
|At the opening of the 20th C. Southampton
retained the characteristics of a country town despite its population of
105,000. Shirley and Freemantle had only recently been incorporated,
and to the north, many people considered that the country began at the
Inner Avenue. Apart from shipbuilding, and map making the town had few
|However, as the century unfolded
Southampton expanded its borough limits both into its surrounding
districts, and enlarged the docks through an ambitious programme of land
reclamation. The town proved attractive to new industries including
aviation, vehicle manufacture, and cable production. Benchmark periods
include the golden age of luxury liners; amazing aviation pioneering;
two world wars; 1950's rising prosperity; and the post-war rebuilding of
the town centre.
|By the century's end the city has de-industrialised, and reinvented itself as a centre of education, regional shopping centre, and UK capital of the cruise-line industry.